4.6. Dealing with Fonts

4.6.1. Fonts

Written by Alex Korobka

(Extracted from wine/documentation/fonts)


The fnt2bdf utility is included with Wine. It can be found in the tools directory. Links to the other tools mentioned in this document can be found on wine headquarters: http://www.winehq.com/development/ How To Convert Windows Fonts

If you have access to a Windows installation you should use the fnt2bdf utility (found in the tools directory) to convert bitmap fonts (VGASYS.FON, SSERIFE.FON, and SERIFE.FON) into the format that the X Window System can recognize.

  1. Extract bitmap fonts with fnt2bdf.

  2. Convert .bdf files produced by Step 1 into .pcf files with bdftopcf.

  3. Copy .pcf files to the font server directory which is usually /usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc (you will probably need superuser privileges). If you want to create a new font directory you will need to add it to the font path.

  4. Run mkfontdir for the directory you copied fonts to. If you are already in X you should run xset fp rehash to make X server aware of the new fonts. You may also or instead have to restart the font server (using e.g. /etc/init.d/xfs restart under RedHat 7.1)

  5. Edit the ~/.wine/config file to remove aliases for the fonts you've just installed.

WINE can get by without these fonts but 'the look and feel' may be quite different. Also, some applications try to load their custom fonts on the fly (WinWord 6.0) and since WINE does not implement this yet it instead prints out something like;

STUB: AddFontResource( SOMEFILE.FON )

You can convert this file too. Note that .FON file may not hold any bitmap fonts and fnt2bdf will fail if this is the case. Also note that although the above message will not disappear WINE will work around the problem by using the font you extracted from the SOMEFILE.FON. fnt2bdf will only work for Windows 3.1 fonts. It will not work for TrueType fonts.

What to do with TrueType fonts? There are several commercial font tools that can convert them to the Type1 format but the quality of the resulting fonts is far from stellar. The other way to use them is to get a font server capable of rendering TrueType (Caldera has one, there also is the free xfstt in Linux/X11/fonts on sunsite and mirrors, if you're on FreeBSD you can use the port in /usr/ports/x11-servers/Xfstt. And there is xfsft which uses the freetype library, see freetype description).

However, there is a possibility of the native TrueType support via FreeType renderer in the future (hint, hint :-) How To Add Font Aliases To ~/.wine/config

Many Windows applications assume that fonts included in original Windows 3.1 distribution are always present. By default Wine creates a number of aliases that map them on the existing X fonts:

There is no default alias for the "System" font. Also, no aliases are created for the fonts that applications install at runtime. The recommended way to deal with this problem is to convert the missing font (see above). If it proves impossible, like in the case with TrueType fonts, you can force the font mapper to choose a closely related X font by adding an alias to the [fonts] section. Make sure that the X font actually exists (with xfontsel tool).

AliasN = [Windows font], [X font] <, optional "mask X font" flag>


Alias0 = System, --international-, subst
Alias1 = ...


Also, some Windows applications request fonts without specifying the typeface name of the font. Font table starts with Arial in most Windows installations, however X font table starts with whatever is the first line in the fonts.dir. Therefore WINE uses the following entry to determine which font to check first.


Default = -adobe-times-


It is better to have a scalable font family (bolds and italics included) as the default choice because mapper checks all available fonts until requested height and other attributes match perfectly or the end of the font table is reached. Typical X installations have scalable fonts in the ../fonts/Type1 and ../fonts/Speedo directories.

4.6.2. Setting up a TrueType Font Server

written by ???

(Extracted from wine/documentation/ttfserver)

Follow these instructions to set up a TrueType font server on your system.

  1. Get freetype-1.0.full.tar.gz

  2. Read docs, unpack, configure and install

  3. Test the library, e.g. ftview 20 /dosc/win95/fonts/times

  4. Get xfsft-beta1e.linux-i586

  5. Install it and start it when booting, e.g. in an rc-script. The manpage for xfs applies.

  6. Follow the hints given by

  7. I got xfsft from http://www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/jec/progindex.html. I have it running all the time. Here is /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fs/config:

    clone-self = on
    use-syslog = off
    catalogue = /c/windows/fonts
    error-file = /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fs/fs-errors
    default-point-size = 120
    default-resolutions = 75,75,100,100

    Obviously /c/windows/fonts is where my Windows fonts on my Win95 C: drive live; could be e.g. /mnt/dosC/windows/system for Win31.

    In /c/windows/fonts/fonts.scale I have:

    arial.ttf -monotype-arial-medium-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    arialbd.ttf -monotype-arial-bold-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    arialbi.ttf -monotype-arial-bold-o-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    ariali.ttf -monotype-arial-medium-o-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    cour.ttf -monotype-courier-medium-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    courbd.ttf -monotype-courier-bold-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    courbi.ttf -monotype-courier-bold-o-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    couri.ttf -monotype-courier-medium-o-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    times.ttf -monotype-times-medium-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    timesbd.ttf -monotype-times-bold-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    timesbi.ttf -monotype-times-bold-i-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    timesi.ttf -monotype-times-medium-i-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-iso8859-1
    symbol.ttf -monotype-symbol-medium-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-microsoft-symbol
    wingding.ttf -microsoft-wingdings-medium-r-normal--0-0-0-0-p-0-microsoft-symbol

    In /c/windows/fonts/fonts.dir I have exactly the same.

    In /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XF86Config I have

    FontPath "tcp/localhost:7100"

    in front of the other FontPath lines. That's it! As an interesting by-product of course, all those web pages which specify Arial come up in Arial in Netscape ...

  8. Shut down X and restart (and debug errors you did while setting up everything).

  9. Test with e.g xlsfont | grep arial

Hope this helps...